A twin is one of two offspring produced in the same pregnancy. Twins can either be mono-zygotic (MZ, colloquially "identical"), meaning that they develop from one zygote that splits and forms two embryos, or dizygotic (DZ, colloquially "fraternal") because they develop from two separate eggs that are fertilized by two separate sperm. In contrast, a fetus which develops alone in the womb is called a singleton, and the general term for one offspring of a multiple birth is multiple.

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